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In this list, you will find explanations of some terms frequently used in connection with Information Security. These will be explained in as simple terms as possible.

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Is an international standard, which lays down a digital code for all meaningful characters or text elements of all known written and character systems for the long term. The aim is to remove the use of different and incompatible codings in different countries or cultural areas. Unicode is continuously complemented by additional scripts.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

Denotes the address of a website - e. g. http://www.ebankingbutsecure.ch. Contrary to a domain, a URL also contains the protocol (e. g. http://) and potentially also further details such as the port (e. g. 80).


Extension of a computer system. The term «upgrade» was first only used for a hardware-related extension, although it is now (almost) synonymous with «update». Some software providers distinguish between a free update and a fee-based upgrade.

User name

This is the name used by users to identify themselves in a system. When logging into a program or service (e. g. when e-banking), you will usually be asked for a user name and password. These will serve to identify authorized users.

Aargauische KantonalbankAppenzeller KantonalbankBaloise Bank SoBaBanca del Ceresio SABanca del SempioneBancaStatoBank CoopBank LinthBanque CIC (Suisse)Basellandschaftliche KantonalbankBasler KantonalbankFreiburger KantonalbankBanque Cantonale du JuraBanque Cantonale NeuchâteloiseBanque Cantonale VaudoiseBerner KantonalbankBanca Popolare di Sondrio (SUISSE)Caisse d'Epargne Rivieracash zweiplusClientisCornèr Bank AGCredit SuisseGlarner KantonalbankGraubündner KantonalbankHypothekarbank LenzburgJulius BaerLiechtensteinische Landesbank AGLuzerner KantonalbankMigros BankNidwaldner KantonalbankObwaldner KantonalbankPiguet GallandPostFinanceSt. Galler KantonalbankSchaffhauser KantonalbankSchwyzer KantonalbankThurgauer KantonalbankUBSUrner KantonalbankValiant Bank AGVontobel AGVP BankWalliser KantonalbankWIR Bank GenossenschaftZuger KantonalbankZürcher Kantonalbank

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